Beijing Bohaikangyuan Medical Devices Co., Ltd.
Beijing Bohaikangyuan Medical Devices Co., Ltd.

What Are the Different Types of Knee Replacement Surgery?

Is the cost of knee replacement surgery in India one of the most competitive things in the world? Compared to other western countries such as UK, US, Australia, Singapore and other developed countries, it costs less. In India, people tend to be treated for knee problems due to the availability of skilled orthopaedic surgeons as well as hospitals equipped with the latest technology as they help improve the quality of life in more than 95% of cases.

Ⅰ. According to the needs of the patient, there are four types of knee surgery

1. Total knee replacement

Total knee arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the diseased joint is replaced with an artificial joint. Recommended for osteoarthritis patients when a patient's knee problems begin to interfere with his/her daily activities and pain persists. More than 90 percent of people who have a total knee replacement experience a dramatic improvement in knee motion.

2. Partial knee replacement

This is a surgical procedure in which only the damaged part of the knee is replaced, not the entire knee. Knee surgery helps restore movement and function to the damaged compartment of the knee. It is an alternative to total knee arthroplasty for patients with knee osteoarthritis and has a shorter recovery time than total knee arthroplasty.

3. Knee pad replacement

Knee arthroplasty, also known as femoral arthroplasty or unicompartment knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure used to treat osteoarthritis of the knee that affects the front of the femur of the knee.

4. Comprehensive and revised knee replacement

A modified knee replacement is performed to correct the position of the installed knee prosthesis when the already operated knee joint becomes loose, deformed, and causes inflammation.

Ⅱ. Factors affecting the cost of knee surgery

1. Implants and their types, manufacture and materials

Today, several implant options are available. Each implant is designed for a specific age group. For example, flexing implants are designed for older adults, while young adults can tolerate highly flexing implants to manage their daily activities. Also, the types of materials used in implants are readily available, such as zirconia, polyethylene implants, cobalt-chromium alloys. There are pros and cons to the materials used. Additionally, implant availability is critical. If there are implants in India, the cost can be reduced by 30%. However, if it has to be imported, the cost may change or increase.

2. Type of surgery

Knee surgery is performed according to the needs of the patient, as described above. The difference is in the severity of the patient's knee condition. Also, compared to other surgical procedures, it requires a longer recovery time and therefore a longer stay in the hospital, which means higher costs.

3. The experience of the surgeon

Because knee replacement surgery is a complex procedure; therefore, it must be treated by an experienced surgeon who performs at least 50 cases per year with minimal complications. If the patient goes to a skilled surgeon, then it may come at an additional price.

4. Type of hospital

Hospitals with modern infrastructure and equipped with the latest medical technology may charge more than other hospitals. The "cost" factor also depends on the location, as centrally located hospitals tend to charge more due to their easy availability.

5. Rehabilitation factors

Mandatory physiotherapy is required for post-surgery treatment of the knee, which incurs additional costs. Rehabilitation is a must after knee replacement surgery.